Assessing erosion on U.S. cropland land management and physical features by Nelson L. Bills

Cover of: Assessing erosion on U.S. cropland | Nelson L. Bills

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. [distributor], Identification Section, National Technical Information Service [distributor] in Washington, D.C, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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  • Soil erosion -- United States.,
  • Soil conservation -- United States.

Edition Notes

Book details

Other titlesAssessing erosion on US cropland.
StatementNelson L. Bills, Ralph E. Heimlich.
SeriesAgricultural economic report -- no. 513.
ContributionsHeimlich, Ralph E., United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 19 p. :
Number of Pages19
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17127231M

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Get this from a library. Assessing erosion on U.S. cropland: land management and physical features. [Nelson L Bills; Ralph E Heimlich; United States. Department of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.].

Credit: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. ter methods are needed to estimate these costs on cropland that is subject to high erosion rates.

Improved methods would help farmers integrate the full economic costs and benefits of conservation practices into their economic planning. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF.

Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Soil particles sand-blast U.S.

automobiles and buildings and caused an estimated $8 billion in damage each year during the s [2,]. A prime example of the environmental impact of wind erosion occurs in the U.S., where wind erosion rates average 13 t/ha/year on cropland and sometimes reach 65 t/ha/ by: Aug 14,  · Although soil conservation measures and incentives under the Food Security Act of helped reduce the total erosion from U.S.

cropland from billion tons in to billion tons init remains unclear how far soil erosion rates remain above background by: Between andsoil erosion on U.S.

cropland decreased 43%. Water (sheet & rill) erosion on cropland in declined from billion tons per year to million tons per year, and erosion due to wind declined from billion tons per year to million tons per year.

(Tables 18 and 19). A Compendium of soil erodibility data from WEPP cropland soil field erodibility experiments & 88 / ([West Lafayette, IN: Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory, Purdue University, ]), by William J.

Elliot and National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory (U.S.) (page images at. METHOD FOR ESTIMATING SOIL EROSION ON U.S. CROPLAND Soil erosion rates and total erosion on cropland in the United States were estimated using data from the National Resources Inventory (NRI).

The NRI is a statistical survey designed to assess natural resource conditions and trends on non-Federal land in the United States. This non-Cited by: 2. Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a (c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital projects include the Wayback Machine, and Technical Abstract: The cropland Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) was initiated to provide a scientific basis for assessing effectiveness of conservation practices on water and soil quality.

Insampling was initiated within a number of USDA-ARS experimental watersheds to measure and assess management impacts on near-surface. day 12 Soil Conservation study guide by jlwillis includes 37 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Assessing the impacts of different land uses and soil and water conservation interventions on runoff and sediment yield at different scales in the central highlands. CONSERVATION IMPLICATIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE 5 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY A changing climate will affect soil and water resources on agri-cultural land in many ways,but will the effect of climate change on soil and water resources on agricultural land be large enough to warrant changes in hamptonsbeachouse.comvation policy or practice.

The Cropland Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) was initiated in the USA to provide a scientific basis for assessing effectiveness of conservation practices on water and soil quality. Insampling was initiated within a number of USDA-ARS experimental watersheds to measure and assess management impacts on near-surface (0–5 cm Author: Diane E.

Stott, Cynthia A. Cambardella, Douglas L. Karlen. Soil Erosion and Conservation Edward L. Skidmore Simon J. van Donk Soil erosion is a worldwide problem. Approximately 90 percent of cropland in the United States is currently losing soil above the sustainable rate.

Soil erosion rates in Asia, Africa, and South America are estimated to be twice as high as those in the United States. Assessment of soil erosion and conservation on agricultural sloping lands using plot data in the semi-arid hilly loess region of China as well as soil conservation practices significantly differ from the U.S., %, and % of mean soil loss on cropland.

The effectiveness of soil erosion control in storms greater than 2 years in Cited by: 6. Part 1. Assessing the Food Prospect: Soil: Surplus to Deficit. In some ways, the most fundamental ecological deficit the world faces is the loss of soil through wind and water erosion. This loss of an invaluable natural capital asset and the associated loss of land productivity are spreading as pressure on the land intensifies.

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information {Soil erosion and climate change: Assessing potential impacts and adaptation practices}, author = {Lee, J.J. and Phillips, D.L. and Benson, The IPCC estimates that 40 Pg of C could be sequestered in cropland soils worldwide over the next century.

/ Recent Publications - Soil Carbon / Climate Change. Stay Connected. Recent Publications - Soil Carbon / Climate Change and R.F. Follett. Managing U.S. cropland to sequester C in soil. Report presented at the Congressional Briefing, Russell Senate Office Building, 23 July Assessing the impact of erosion on soil organic.

Sep 29,  · A statement 1 in JM Greer’s blog last month challenged everything I thought I knew about soil management in American cropland. At today’s rate of erosion, he wrote, the topsoil would be gone by Gone. The land might look like Providence Canyon 7, where poor soil management in the ’s triggered runaway erosion that is still going on.

The major erosion of US cropland soil occurs where. The Great Plains in the midwest. When did the total fertility level reach a peak in the US. after World War II, in the mids.

What is potential "improvement" that could be achieved by genetically modifying food plants. Eroding Soils and Shrinking Cropland 43 In andWalter Lowdermilk, a senior official in the Soil Conservation Service of the U.S.

Department of Agriculture (USDA), traveled abroad to look at lands that had been cultivated for hundreds and even thousands of years, seeking to learn how these older civilizations had coped with soil erosion. (Vicksburg, Miss.: U.S.

Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, ), by Hollis H. Allen, James R. Leech, Environmental Impact Research Program (U.S.), Environmental Laboratory (U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station), U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, and United States Army Corps of Engineers (page images at.

Abstract. This is a review of worldwide land degradation problems. Four themes are emphasized: delineating and estimating the magnitude of soil erosion, quantifying erosion and sedimentation impacts on land productivity, establishing quantitative values for erosion-causing parameters, and implementing global and regional soil and water conservation programs.

A comparison of mineral-magnetic and distributed RUSLE modeling in the assessment of soil loss on a southeastern U.S. cropland Article in Catena 69(2) · March with 16 Reads.

Aug 20,  · Soil erosion has become a serious problem in recent decades due to unhalted trends of unsustainable land use practices. Assessment of soil erosion is a prominent tool in planning and conservation of soil and water resource ecosystems.

The Universal Soil Cited by: Aug 20,  · The major erosion of U.S. cropland soil occurs in. the Northeast. the Southeast. areas whose crop output is not important. areas with soil of low to very low fertility. the Great Plains.

Answer Save. 2 Answers. Relevance. Anonymous. 10 years ago. Favorite Answer. Future soil erosion from winter wheat cropland was simulated for Central Oklahoma. • Minimum till was shown to offset projected increases in cropland soil erosion.

• Existing conservation practices mitigate effects of climate change on soil erosion. • Adoption of conservation programs maintains soil resources under climate by: Sep 05,  · Assessing the effects of land use changes on soil sensitivity to erosion in a highland ecosystem of semi-arid Turkey that soil properties and RUSLE-K statistically changed with land use changes and soils of the recreational land and cropland were more sensitive to water erosion than those of the woodland, grassland, and plantation Cited by: The Value of Cover Crops for Erosion Control Tom Kaspar Jeremy Singer.

Ben Knutson. Keith Kohler. Kent Heikens. Average erosion rate for U.S. cropland in is tons soil/acre/yr, which results in: Interrill erosion is the sediment movement that results from raindrop detachment of soil particles and then diffuse flow of wa. Nonetheless, by combining values for sheet, rill, and wind erosion, the minimum mean value for erosion on U.S.

cropland is Mg per hectare/year. Assuming a soil bulk density of Mg m–3, that rate is equivalent to the loss of mm of soil per year. Soil Erosion Research Methods - Kindle edition by Soil and Water Conservation Society (U.

S.). Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Soil Erosion Research Methods.

What is Land Erosion. Land erosion is the process by which material on the surface of the land is dislodged and moved. Land erosion becomes a water quality stressor when the transported materials reach surface waters.

When this occurs, the sediment itself is a pollutant. Land erosion is a natural process caused by both wind and. But, according to Google Scholar, a surprisingly low number of only (or about %) of these publications deals with the ' economic costs of soil erosion '. The forty five selected references at the end of this website give an impression of the limited available literature on the economic costs of the damage caused by soil erosion.

Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Soil erosion assessment tools from point to regional scales—the role of geomorphologists in land management research and implementation Chris S.

Renschlera,b,*, Jon Harbora aUSDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS) National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory (NSERL), Purdue University, SOIL Building, West Lafayette, INUSACited by: Prepared for "Guide for Wind Erosion Control on Cropland in the Great Plains States." E.L.

Assessing wind erosion forces: Directions and relative magnitudes. wind erosion. In: R. Lal (ed.) Soil Erosion Research Methods. Soil and Water conservation Soc. Ankeny, IA, (book chapter). A Hagen, L.J. Wind Erosion in the United. Soil erosion has become a serious problem in recent decades due to unhalted trends of unsustainable land use practices.

Assessment of soil erosion is a prominent tool in planning and conservation of soil and water resource ecosystems. The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) was applied to Nyabarongo River Catchment that drains about km2 (33%) of the total Rwanda coverage and a small Cited by: National resource inventories conducted by the U.S.

Department of Agriculture showed that soil erosion was excessive for maintaining productivity on a fourth of the nation's million acres of cropland. In the heart of the Corn Belt, average annual loss was put at two bushels of.

Estimating the optimum combination of annual to perennial crops on U.S. cropland to control erosion and maintain adequate soil health lies beyond the scope of this paper.

A baseline estimate of the limit on cultivated crops was made based on the current proportion of cropland under by:.

Cropland Harvested - This land is the heart of a farming enterprise and potential is realized from grazing or as part of erosion control programs. The U. S. Department of Agriculture publishes annual estimates of state farm income and expenses.

The U. S. Census estimates state .Jul 18,  · The washing away, or erosion, of Georgia's topsoil is one of the most significant environmental disasters to occur in the state.

Much of the land's productivity, especially in the Piedmont, has been lost to in the twentieth century nearly 10 million acres were in cultivated row crops, and much of that land was losing soil in every rain.US NATIONAL CROPLAND SOIL MOISTURE MONITORING USING SMAP Zhengwei Yang1, Rick Mueller1, Wade Crow2 1National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA, Fairfax, VAUSA 2Agricultural Research Service, Hydrology and Remote Sensing Lab, USDA, Beltsville, MD ABSTRACT This paper investigates at the pre-launch stage the feasibility.

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